双语资讯:扎克伯格参议院听证会五大看点

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综合美国媒体消息,从当地时间10日开始,扎克伯格将连续出席美国参众两院的听证会,就脸书如何处理用户数据和隐私问题接受立法者的询问。然而,面对车轮战般的询问,扎克伯格却轻松闯关。这不仅得力于脸书首席执行官准备充足,还因为他的对手(美国立法者们)在“社交媒体”问题上暴露了智商。这场听证会都有哪些看点呢?今天的日常英语新鲜资讯让我们一起来看看外媒的报道。

双语资讯:扎克伯格参议院听证会五大看点

一、扎克伯格必需承认脸书的垄断

When Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC) asked Zuckerberg to name his biggest competitor, Zuckerberg couldn’t name one. He was pressed repeatedly on Facebook’s large size, and at one point, he was asked whether Facebook was too powerful. Zuckerberg demurred. “It certainly doesn’t feel like that to me,” he said in response to Graham’s monopoly question.

当Lindsey Graham问扎克伯格,他目前最大的竞争对手是谁时扎克伯格答不上来,只是表示现在脸书规模很大,而后又被问到现在的脸书是不是力量太大了,扎克伯格表示反对,“我肯定不这么觉得。”他回答Graham。

Senators do seem to be grappling with Facebook’s massive power in a way they haven’t before. But it’s not clear they have any coherent strategy to increase the amount of competition in the social media marketplace.

参议院就脸书前所未有的巨大力量展开了质询。但还不清楚他们有没有办法增加社交媒体市场的竞争程度。

双语资讯:扎克伯格参议院听证会五大看点

二、扎克伯格不打算推出付费版脸书

The CEO took numerous questions about the company’s business model and whether it could truly protect users’ privacy given that it relies so heavily on collecting data about their lives and behavior.

鉴于脸书大量收集用户数据,Zuckerberg 回答了许多关于商业模式方面和能不能保护用户隐私的问题。

Multiple senators asked Zuckerberg whether he might consider a paid, ad-free version of Facebook in the future. He told Sen. Orrin Hatch (R-UT) that there would always be a free version of Facebook, suggesting a paid option might be possible. Later, he told another senator that a paid version would be worth thinking about.

多个参议院都问道有没有可能出收费无广告版。扎克伯格对 Orrin Hatch 说,脸书肯定得有一个免费版,似乎暗示有可能会有收费版,但接下来他回答另一位议员时表示,不会考虑出收费版。

双语资讯:扎克伯格参议院听证会五大看点

三、扎克伯格正在思考 AI 的作用

Whenever asked about how Facebook would improve its moderation tools, Zuckerberg invoked the promise of AI to help Facebook quickly sort through hate speech and other problematic posts. It certainly seems possible that AI will improve Facebook’s content moderation efforts, but it remains unproven.

无论何时被问及脸书如何改进信息调节工具,扎克伯格都会提到AI可以在未来快速删除仇恨言论和其他有问题的推文。看起来 AI 真的能提升信息调节的能力,但现在还说不准。

双语资讯:扎克伯格参议院听证会五大看点

四、脸书通过手机麦克风获取用户信息的阴谋论是真的吗

For years now, Facebook has struggled to contain an urban legend that the company’s ad targeting is so effective because the company listens to your conversations in real time through your phone’s microphone. Thanks to Sen. Gary Peters (D-MI), this is now a matter of public record. “Yes or no, does Facebook use audio obtained from mobile devices to enrich personal information about users?” he asked. “No,” Zuckerberg said.

假的。多年以来,因为脸书的广告投放效率太高,坊间就有了脸书会通过实时监控手机麦克风获取用户信息的传闻。多亏了 Gary Peters,现在有定论了。“脸书通过麦克风收集用户个人信息是真的还是假的?”他问到。“假的。”扎克伯格说。

双语资讯:扎克伯格参议院听证会五大看点

五、参议院不知道脸书如何运作

Senators peppered Facebook with questions about the basic features of its data-collection and advertising practices. How does Facebook acquire data? How long does it keep that data? How can users control what data they share? These are important questions, and senators were surely speaking for the majority of Americans when they asked them.

参议院们接二连三地问了许多很基础的问题,如:脸书怎么收集用户数据?这些数据保存多久?用户如何控制他们分享的数据?这些问题都很重要,参议院们也是在代表美国大众提问。

At the same time, they frittered away hours of testimony by asking the CEO questions that can be answered by Googling. And they mostly failed to answer deeper questions about how Facebook uses the data it collects. Of course, some senators argued that complexity itself is the problem. As Sen. John Kennedy (R-LA) put it — bluntly, if not helpfully — “your user agreement sucks.”

但是,他们把宝贵的提问时间浪费在了能 Google 出答案的问题上。而且,他们也没有就脸书如何使用用户数据做更深层次的提问。当然,有一些议员也说了,脸书太复杂本身就是个问题。正如 John Kennedy 说的,“你的用户协议太 TM 长了。”

扎克伯格在国会的表现将是他职业生涯中最大的考验之一,也是关乎脸书未来的关键时刻。虽然这次在参议院“轻松过关”,接下来众议院还有一场同样的听证会在等着他。

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