比特币大跌迎新年,你真的了解比特币吗?

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爱玩比特币的朋友现在肯定心态都崩了,比特币大跌迎新年,新年首日更是最低跌破13000美元关口,前景似乎非常不妙。其实对于比特币有大多数人是出于跟风投资,并不真的了解比特币,今天一线口语就和大家聊聊比特币以及相关的常用英语口语表达。

比特币大跌迎新年,你真的了解比特币吗?

一、什么是比特币?

Bitcoin is a kind of digital currency.

比特币是一种数字货币。

You can buy it with dollars or euros, just like you can trade any other currency.

你可以像兑换其他货币一样,用美元、欧元购买比特币。

You store it in an online “wallet.” And with that wallet, you can spend bitcoin online and in the physical world for goods and services.

存入网上“钱包”,然后可以通过这个“钱包”用比特币在网上或现实世界购买物品或服务。

And, of course, bitcoin has a valuation, which you may have heard about because bitcoin's price has fluctuated up and down.

当然,你可能有所耳闻,比特币也有估值,因为比特币的价格会上下波动。

比特币大跌迎新年,你真的了解比特币吗?

二、比特币和其他货币比有何不同?

Usually, if you pay for something on the Internet, you use a credit or debit card.

如果你在网上买东西,通常你需要信用卡或借记卡。

That card is connected to information about you, such as your name and billing address.

这些卡会绑定你的个人信息,比如你的名字和账单邮寄地址。

You can use bitcoin the same way, but unlike with a credit card, the transactions?you make with the currency are completely anonymous.

同样,你可以用比特币在网上消费,但是不同于使用信用卡,使用比特币的交易是完全匿名的交易。

They can't be used to identify you personally.

所以这些交易无法用来识别你的个人身份。

So you can use bitcoin to protect your privacy. Is that why the WannaCry attackers picked it as a form of payment?

你可以用比特币保护自己的个人信息。那么,这是比特币勒索病毒散布者选择用比特币作为支付方式的原因吗?

Possibly. Bitcoin has certainly gained prominence in the news media as a technology that can facilitate crime.

有可能。比特币成为助长犯罪的手段,无疑受到众多新闻媒体的关注。

But even though the identities of people in a bitcoin transaction may be hidden, the public ledger has increasingly helped law enforcement trace the movement of bitcoins from place to place.

但是即使在使用比特币的交易中交易者的身份隐匿,公开的账簿依然能帮助执法人员追踪比特币的去向。

比特币大跌迎新年,你真的了解比特币吗?

三、比特币是怎么来的?

There is still some mystery about the creation of bitcoin in 2009. An anonymous person or group that used the name Satoshi Nakamoto described the idea of an electronic cash system in a research paper in October 2008.

关于2009年比特币的诞生仍然存在一些谜团。一位自称中本聪的匿名人士或组织在2008年10月的一份研究报告中描述了一种电子现金系统的概念。

The first bitcoin block was created by Satoshi Nakamoto in January 2009, with a reward of 50 bitcoin.

第一个比特币区块链是由中本聪在2009年一月创建的,回报是50个比特币。

四、谁在使用比特币?

Some businesses, such as Overstock.com, have accepted payments in bitcoin. Still, its popularity is low compared with cash and credit cards. Many individuals and businesses will not accept bitcoins for payments.

像Overstock.com一类的企业已经接受比特币付款。尽管如此,比特币的普及程度与现金或信用卡相比仍然很低。许多个人或企业不接受比特币付款。

Some well-known banking executives have spoken against bitcoin. Jamie Dimon, head of JP Morgan Chase Bank called it a "fraud." But his bank is starting to use the technology behind bitcoin, known as blockchain, to more accurately track trading and assets.

一些著名的银行高管曾经出言反对比特币。摩根大通银行的负责人杰米·戴蒙(Jamie Dimon)称之为欺诈。但是他的银行正在使用比特币背后的技术,即所谓的区块链来更准确地跟踪交易和资产。

比特币大跌迎新年,你真的了解比特币吗?

近几年,关于比特币的日常用语(http://www.e2say.com/articles/dailylm/)热点考题也越来越多,这篇文章也借势带大家了解清楚比特币的属性。尽管比特币大跌迎新年,但仍有经济学专家称这正是买入货币的大好时机。

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